Hướng dẫn viết Writing Task 2 IELTS - Advantages and Disadvantages - Học Hay


Đăng bởi Mỹ Anh | 24/03/2020 | 213
Hướng dẫn chi tiết cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 - Advantages and Disadvantages | Học Hay

Dạng bài Advantages and Disadvantages trong IELTS Writing Task 2 là gì?

- IELTS Writing Task 2 - Advantages and Disadvantages là dạng bài phân tích lợi ích và tác hại của vấn đề được nêu ở đề bài. 

- Cách nhận biết dạng đề Advantages-Disadvantages:

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Ngoài ra đề bài cũng có thể sử dụng các từ đồng nghĩa như drawbacks, benefits trong câu hỏi.

Bố cục bài viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Advantages and Disadvantages:

- Phần Giới thiệu: Giới thiệu được cho người đọc thông tin tổng quát về những gì mình sẽ viết, chỉ gồm 2 - 3 câu ngắn gọn.

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages (Thảo luận ưu điểm và nhược điểm): paraphrase lại đề bài và khẳng định vấn đề này vừa có mặt tốt và mặt xấu, không nêu quan điểm cá nhân
  • Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? (So sánh ưu điểm với nhược điểm): paraphrase đề bài và nêu lên quan điểm cá nhân là ưu điểm/nhược điểm tốt hơn
  • Is this a positive or negative development/ trend? (Đây là ưu điểm hay nhược điểm): paraphrase đề bài và nêu lên quan điểm cá nhân đây là xu hướng tích cực/tiêu cực hay là cả 2.

 

- Phần Thân bài: tuỳ theo câu hỏi của đề bài mà bạn phân chia phần Thân bài như sau:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages (Thảo luận ưu điểm và nhược điểm): 2 đoạn thân bài, 1 đoạn nói về nhược điểm, 1 đoạn nói về ưu điểm
  • Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? (So sánh ưu điểm với nhược điểm): tuỳ theo quan điểm mà bạn chọn mặt lợi hay mặt hại mà tập trung thảo luận mặt đó.
  • Is this a positive or negative development/ trend? (Đây là ưu điểm hay nhược điểm): đây là dạng bài bạn có thể thảo luận 1 mặt hay 2 mặt tuỳ theo quan điểm của mình. Phần Thân bài sẽ tương tự như cách viết Agree or Disagree.

 

Tham khảo cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 - Agree or Disagree tại đây: https://hochay.com/luyen-thi-ielts/huong-dan-viet-writing-task-2-ielts-agree-or-disagree-hoc-hay-198.html

 

- Phần Kết luận:

Tóm tắt câu trả lời cũng như các luận điểm trong bài viết của bạn. Một đoạn kết bài chuẩn thường dài từ 2-3 câu. 

Hướng dẫn viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Advantages and Disadvantages:

  • Dạng bài "Discuss the advantages and disadvantages":

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In some countries, young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decided to do this.

Write at least 250 words.

 

- Phần Giới thiệu:

are encouraged = are advised

to work or travel = working or travelling

Viết lại đề bài với từ đồng nghĩa:

Before embarking on college many young people are advised that a year working or travelling may be a good option.

Khái quát ưu điểm và nhược điểm sẽ thảo luận trong phần thân bài:

This essay will suggest that saving money is the biggest advantage of this and a reduced motivation to study is the primary disadvantage.

 

- Phần Thân bài:

Đoạn 1: Thảo luận ưu điểm: saving money 

Third level education is very expensive and lots of students decide to work for 12 months and save up money before they begin their studies. This allows them to pay for their living costs, tuition fees and accommodation and focus on their studies, rather than struggle financially or have to get a part-time job on top of their academic work. The Times recently reported that the average student at a UK university requires over $12,000 per annum just to survive and many drop out because they cannot afford to stay.

 

Đoạn 2: Thảo luận nhược điểm: reduced motivation to study

Despite these advantages, many students often get used to working or travelling and don’t want to return to a life of study after a year off. This short term view can cause some to bypass university altogether and go straight into a job that is beneath their capabilities or may not offer the same prospects their future career might have done. For instance, a recent survey by the British Government found that 26% of students who take a gap-year never enter tertiary education.

 

*Lưu ý: nếu các bạn không có rõ số liệu như người viết trong bài thì chỉ nên nói khái quát vì nếu bạn viết đại, và số liệu không đúng thì sẽ bị trừ điểm vì thông tin sai lệch.

 

- Phần Kết luận:

In conclusion, taking a break from studies can be advantageous if it allows people to gather up savings, however, they should also be careful that it does not lead to disillusionment with education altogether.

 

Kết luận viết tốt, tóm tắt lại 2 điểm chính và không bị lặp lại đề bài.

 

  • Dạng bài "Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?":

 

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary schools rather than secondary school.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Write at least 250 words.

 

- Phần Giới thiệu:

it is better = it is more favourable

children = pupils

rather than = instead of

Viết lại đề bài với từ đồng nghĩa:

Some authorities think that it is more favourable for pupils to begin studying languages at primary school instead of secondary school.

Nêu lên quan điểm cá nhân và tóm tắt nội dung bài viết:

This essay will argue that the advantages of this outweigh the drawbacks. The essay will first demonstrate that the earlier someone learns an additional language the more likely they are to master it and that it brings added cognitive benefits, followed by an analysis of how the primary disadvantage, namely confusion with their native tongue, is not valid.

=> Quan điểm chính của tác giả là ưu điểm nhiều hơn nhược điểm.

 

- Phần Thân bài:

Đoạn 1: Thảo luận ưu điểm

The main reason to start kids off with foreign languages early is that this increases the likelihood they will achieve fluency in adulthood. That is to say that they will have far more years to perfect their skills and it will seem perfectly normal to speak bilingually. For example, in countries such as Holland and Norway where English is taught from a very young age, more than 95% of adults speak it at an advanced level. Learning a second language also helps to improve overall cognitive abilities. In other words, it benefits the overall development of a child’s brain. A recent survey by Cambridge University found that children who studied a new language before the age of 5 were significantly more likely to score higher in Mathematics and Science.

 

Đoạn 2: Dùng phương pháp viết phản biện để làm sáng rõ ưu điểm và có thêm ví dụ cá nhân

Those opposed to this say that it causes the child to become confused between their mother tongue and the other language. However, there is actually no evidence to support this view and children from bilingual families do just as well in both languages. My own son was brought up speaking both Vietnamese and English and outperforms most of his classmates in both.

 

- Phần Kết luận:

Overall, the fact that early foreign language learning leads to higher fluency and improved brain function clearly outweighs the flawed argument that it impairs uptake of native languages.

 

  • Dạng bài "Is this a positive/negative trend?":

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In the past, shopping was a routine domestic task. Many people nowadays regard it as a hobby.

To what extent do you think this is a positive trend?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

- Phần Giới thiệu:

domestic task = chore

nowadays = recently

hobby = leisure activity

Viết lại câu với từ đồng nghĩa:

Going shopping used to be a chore, but recently it has become a leisure activity or a pleasant outing.

Nêu lên quan điểm cá nhân:

To my mind, it is debatable whether this can be regarded as a wholly positive development.

=> tác giả đồng ý một phần rằng đây là xu hướng tích cực (positive trend)

 

- Phần Thân bài: tác giả sẽ viết bài theo cách viết cân bằng: thảo luận cả ưu lẫn khuyết điểm

Đoạn 1: Thảo luận ưu điểm

For earlier generations, buying food or consumer products involved visiting several shops, each with the same limited range on offer. Customers had less money and credit was not widely available. By contrast, shoppers nowadays can find almost anything in the supermarket or shopping mall. The comfortable environment, the variety of goods and attractions such as cafés and cinemas make spending money enjoyable.

 

Topic sentence: The comfortable environment, the variety of goods and attractions such as cafés and cinemas make spending money enjoyable.

 

Đoạn 2: Thảo luận nhược điểm

Nowadays, with many parents working full-time, families have little time together. In my experience, it is normal to see families in the local shopping mall at weekends. Undoubtedly, one of the benefits of this is that they are together as a family. Nevertheless, this is not ideal, especially if it leaves no time for other activities, such as sport.

 

Topic sentence: Nevertheless, this is not ideal, especially if it leaves no time for other activities, such as sport.

 

Đoạn 3: Thêm dẫn chứng cho nhược điểm

Another negative result of this change in attitudes is the effect it has on young people all over the world, who spend time in shopping malls. The reasons for this are the influence of advertising and the availability of credit cards. On the one hand, they are with friends in a safe environment, but on the other, it can tempt them to buy things they do not really need and may cause them to get into debt. Moreover, it would be better for their health if they met friends to go swimming.

 

Topic sentence: Another negative result of this change in attitudes is the effect it has on young people all over the world, who spend time in shopping malls. 

 

- Phần Kết luận:

In conclusion, I would like to suggest that although shopping now is less tedious, this is not necessarily a positive trend. It may be good for the retailers, but not for consumers if it replaces other, healthier activities.

Khẳng định lại quan điểm cá nhân rằng đây không hẳn là một xu hướng tốt.

Các cấu trúc câu thường dùng trong IELTS Writing Task 2 – Advantages and Disadvantages:

  • Cấu trúc câu thường dùng khi viết về Advantages:

The first/main/greatest/important advantage of …. is ….

One/another additional advantage …. is ….

What makes …important… is …

One/Another point in favour of …. is...

 

  • Cấu trúc câu thường dùng khi viết về Disadvantages:

The first/main/greatest/ most serious disadvantage of …. is ….

One/another/an additional disadvantage of …. is ….

Another negative aspect of …. is ….

The second disadvantage is ...

Bài viết mẫu dạng bài Advantages and Disadvantages IELTS Writing Task 2:

Bài viết 1 - Band 6:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Every year an increasing number of students choose to go to another country for their higher education.

Do you think the benefits of this development outweigh the problems associated with it?

Write at least 250 words.

 

The past twenty years have seen a dramatic change of in the number of students who go abroad to begin college in China to study. In this essay, I will explore the advantages and disadvantages of this trend.

On the one hand, both students and their country can benefit from this trend. First, students can choose more suitable education educational methods for themselves because there are more options. The course courses and teaching methods are quite different from China from those in China. According to foreign experts, the higher education in China is really not good as that of those developing countries, especially in contrast with Europian or US the standard of higher education in China is much lower compared to other countries, especially the US and European Union. Secondly, people can improve their foreign language, but as, they can contact with others native language speakers when they are in a foreign country, and they will may quickly master the foreign language. Thirdly, it helps to promote the mutual understanding between their mother land and their destination countries. These students exchange information with the locals. Students can get better understanding of the destination host countries. People in their home country will get more vivid information about other countries through these messages. Similarly, the locals also can get more clear recognition about other countries.

On the other hand, there are disadvantages too. Firstly, it costs people a lot of money to begin college in foreign countries. Many families have to take out all their savings to support their children to go abroad. Secondly, some students cannot stand the big difference of in the new environment, they maybe may quit their study and come back home.

To conclude, given the undisputable indisputable fact that to begin college studying in foreign countries helps students with their studies and promotes the mutual understanding between among countries, even if there are some drawbacks, I think the benefits outweigh the problems.

 

Bài viết 2 - Band 8:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people think it is better for children to grow up in the city, while others think that life in the countryside is more suitable for them. What are the advantages and disadvantages of both places?

Write at least 250 words.

 

Living in the rural area is thought as considered the best option for children by a group of people, while others believe that cities offer more opportunities. In my opinion, if the city offers security and green areas, I agree it is a better place to raise the next generation while enjoying some advantages from of both sides.

Firstly, the countryside let children be allows children to be in touch with nature, taking care of animals and helping with the gardening. Because of that, they learn how to protect the environment and to live without any technological equipment. Besides that, they have more freedom to play outside the house without any security worries, whereas in the city they are kept at home using and driven towards using smartphones and computers for this reason. On the other hand, schools usually have lower quality and it is hard to find extracurricular classes. Therefore, children have face difficulties trying to develop their abilities besides the school curriculum.

However, schools at metropolitan areas tend to have better quality and offer all kinds of activities. Even if there is a sport or an art course that the institution does not offer, it is possible to look for it in another place around the city. As a result, all children’s talents and passions can be easier to develop. On the other hand, security, pollution and low lack of contact with nature are issues that we have to worry about. The better option would be a city with an excellent quality of life where children could play in parks and gardens.

To sum up, growing up in the countryside can be very positive for someone’s childhood, but the city will usually offer better opportunities for their talents’ development.

 

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