Hướng dẫn viết Writing Task 2 IELTS - Discussion - Học Hay

Đăng bởi Mỹ Anh | 24/03/2020 | 100
Hướng dẫn chi tiết cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 - Discussion | Học Hay

Dạng bài Discussion trong IELTS Writing Task 2 là gì?

- Dạng bài Discussion trong IELTS Writing Task 2 là dạng bài thảo luận vấn đề từ một hay nhiều hướng khác nhau.

- Cách nhận biết dạng bài Discussion: 

Discuss both views/sides and give your own opinion.

Discuss this view and give your own opinion.

Ví dụ:

Some people choose to eat no meat or fish. They believe that this is not only better for their own health but also benefits the world as a whole.

Discuss this view and give your own opinion.


Some people think that developed countries have a higher responsibility to combat climate change than in developing countries. Others believe that all countries should have the same responsibilities towards protecting the environment.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Bố cục bài viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Discussion:

Dạng bài Discussion của IELTS Writing Task 2 có bố cục 4 phần tương tự các dạng bài khác:

- Phần Giới thiệu: viết lại đề bài với từ đồng nghĩa. Tóm tắt các điểm chính và nêu lên ý kiến cá nhân sơ lược, chỉ nên gồm 2-3 câu.

- Phần Thân bài: đối với loại bài thảo luận, bạn phải đảm bảo bạn viết đủ 2 ý chính:

1) Thảo luận vấn đề cả 2 mặt

2) Nêu lên ý kiến cá nhân của bạn: Bạn có thể đồng ý với 1 trong 2 quan điểm trên, hoặc nửa đồng ý cái này, nửa đồng ý cái kia. Bố cục chi tiết sẽ tương tự như cách viết bài Agree or Disagree.


Tham khảo thêm IELTS Writing Task 2 - Dạng bài Agree or Disagree tại đây: https://hochay.com/luyen-thi-ielts/huong-dan-viet-writing-task-2-ielts-agree-or-disagree-hoc-hay-198.html


*Lưu ý: phần nêu quan điểm cá nhân cho dù bạn đặt nó ở đâu trong bài thì khi viết bạn nên sử dụng các cụm từ, cấu trúc vô nhân xưng vì đây là dạng bài thảo luận, không phải bài nêu ý kiến

- Phần Kết luận: tóm tắt lại quan điểm cá nhân và các điểm chính trong phần thảo luận

Hướng dẫn viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Discussion:

Ví dụ 1:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people choose to eat no meat or fish. They believe that this is not only better for their own health but also benefits the world as a whole.

Discuss this view and give your own opinion.

Write at least 250 words.


- Phần Giới thiệu:

people choose to eat no meat or fish = vegetarian = người ăn chay

Người viết tóm tắt đề bài và triển khai, mở rộng ý cho phần thân bài trong 2 câu dưới đây:

The number of vegetarian in a community may depend on various factors, for example the traditions of the country, the wealth of the country, the religion or the age group. Therefore, the reasons why people choose to exclude meat and fish from their diet may also vary.


- Phần Thân bài:

Đoạn 1: Thảo luận vế thứ 1: ăn chay tốt cho sức khoẻ

Some people become vegetarian because they believe that this will benefit their health. Undoubtedly, eating too much meat, especially too much red meat, is not to be recommended. Moreover, the fact that there are healthy populations in some parts of the world where no one eats meat proves that it is not, as some people claim, an essential part of the human diet. However, it is important to ensure that enough protein, for example, is included in the diet from other sources. Where vegetarianism is not a tradition, this may require some careful planning.


Đoạn 2: Thảo luận vế thứ 2: ăn chay tốt nhìn chung tốt cho thế giới

In my experience, it is quite common for people to become vegetarians because they feel that it is selfish to eat meat or because meat production increases global warming. They may also feel that if no one ate meat, there would be no food shortage because meat production uses up food resources. This idealistic point of view is very attractive, but it is hard to judge whether it is in fact correct. Vegetarianism is a valid choice in life. Moreover, research shows that vegetarians tend to be healthier in many ways than meat-eaters.


- Phần Kết luận: người viết đưa ý kiến cá nhân vào phần Kết luận

Personally, I think that being a vegetarian is a good idea in principle as there are proven health benefits and probably social benefits as well. However, it does not suit everybody, and I doubt whether it will ever be a universal choice.


Ví dụ 2:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Many people believe that formal examinations are not the best method of assessing educational achievement.

Discuss this view and give your own opinion.

Write at least 250 words.


- Phần Giới thiệu:

Giới thiệu lại đề bài:

Examinations are one of the most common methods of measuring learning in education systems throughout the world. At virtually every stage of the learning process, exams are used to verify that the learner is ready to move on to the next stage. However, many people believe that the role of examinations should be reconsidered.


- Phần Thân bài:

Đoạn 1: Thảo luận ưu điểm của exams

There are clearly certain advantages of exams. They help to ensure fairness by imposing the same conditions on all exam candidates. They are also relatively versatile; different types of exam questions, for example, multiple-choice questions and essay tasks, can test different sorts of reasoning ability.


Đoạn 2: Thảo luận nhược điểm của exams

However, exams also have clear drawbacks. Test-wise candidates can often perform well on exams without having good underlying knowledge or skills. On the other hand, some test-takers perform poorly in exams simply because of anxiety. Some teachers and learners focus only on those aspects of the curriculum that are likely to be tested, thus narrowing the educational experience for all.


Đoạn 3: Đưa ra giải pháp cá nhân và viết đoạn dưới dạng vô nhân xưng

A number of measures should be taken to address these concerns. Wherever possible, exams should match the content and activities of the learning environment. Exam tasks should be varied to give fair opportunities to candidates with different types of skills. Other types of assessment should also be considered; assignment writing, for example, to assess independent learning and research skills, or group projects, to measure teamwork ability.


*Lưu ý: Nếu bạn không nhớ các cấu trúc vô nhân xưng thì cách viết tương tự dễ nhất là dùng thể bị động, ví dụ trong đoạn: A number of measures should be taken..., Exam tasks should be varied..., Other types of assessment should also be considered


Tham khảo ngữ pháp Câu bị động trong tiếng Anh tại: https://dethi.hochay.com/cau-bi-dong-cd


- Phần Kết luận: tóm tắt lại những gì đã viết

Exams clearly have a role to play in ensuring proper, objective assessment of achievement. However, exams need to be carefully designed and supplemented with other forms of assessment if they are to be a truly useful component of the educational system.

Cấu trúc câu thường dùng trong dạng bài Discussion IELTS Writing Task 2:

- Some/many/most people think/consider that…

- It is widely believed that…

- It is possible/probable that…

- It can be argued that…

- It has been suggested that…

- Opponents of … think/believe/claim that…

- It goes without saying that...

- It is quite clear that...

- It is worth pointing out that...

- It does not seem unreasonable to suggest that...

- It is sometimes suggested that... 

- It is particularly significant that...

Bài viết mẫu dạng bài Discussion IELTS Writing Task 2:

Bài viết 1 - Band 7:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people say that protecting the environment is the government’s responsibility. Others believe that every individual should be responsible for it. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Write at least 250 words.


People hold different views about whether the government should shoulder the responsibility of preserving the environment or each person is should be responsible one for. From my standpoint, it will be would be more beneficial if both the country’s authorities and individuals share were to share the responsibility.

On the one hand, the government may play a pivotal role in maintaining the environment safe and healthy. It is the authorities that should introduce the legislation in order to mitigate environmental problems, such as air pollution and more. To illustrate, there should be some laws encouraging factories to move to the country sides countryside rather than staying in cities. This could help urban areas to be further protected from the poisonous fumes, which are always discharged from firms factories frequently discharge into the atmosphere. Another prominent role the government could play would be creating TV programs to educate citizens and to persuade them to care the nature care for the nature more. Being informed of the consequences of their activities, individuals may endeavour to alter their ways, to avoid harming the environment.

On the other hand, it is undeniable that each person can play an important role in protecting their own neighbourhood. Cars are considered to be a major source of air pollution. Their exhaust gases contaminate the air, ranging from carbon dioxide to unburnt carbon. Therefore, by using their own vehicles only in rare cases, people would be able to protect the environment. Another opportunity available to individuals is recycling. By stopping plastic waste from entering and contaminating waterways people are able to conserve drinkable water and its inhabitants.

In conclusion, due to a large amount of work involved, mobilising all the possible forces is a more sensible approach. It is, therefore, likely that the joint efforts of both the governments and their citizens would result in the most effective way of preserving the environment.


Nhận xét:

- Người viết trả lời tốt câu hỏi đề bài

- Phân chia đoạn văn tốt

- Có dùng từ nối câu nên mạch văn mạch lạc, dễ đọc

- Vẫn còn lỗi dùng từ

- Vốn từ vựng tốt và lỗi ngữ pháp cũng hạn chế


Bài viết 2 - Band 8:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people claim that it is acceptable to use animals in medical research for the benefit of human beings, while others argue that it is wrong.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Write at least 250 words.


People have different views on how medical research should be conducted and tested. Although many people support the use of animal experimentations animal experiment/animal experimentation for developing medicines, I personally believe that animal testing is morally wrong.

The main reason why some people value animal experimentations animal experiment/animal experimentation to conduct medical research is that animal testing has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments. It is true that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. For example, experiments in which dogs had their pancreases removed led directly to the discovery of insulin, critical to saving the lives of diabetics. Furthermore, it is impossible to release new drugs a new drug to the market before proving it has does no harm to humans and laboratory mice are appropriate research subjects because they are similar to human beings in many ways.

However, I support with people who consider medical development that involved the use of animals is to be cruel and unacceptable. I believe that the lives of all creatures should be respected and we, humans, have no right to suffer animals make animals suffer for our own benefits. Governments should invest in developing alternative methods that can replace using the use of animal experimentations animal experiment/animal experimentation when doing medical research. For example, a software program can be developed to model a human immune system and new drugs can be tested on the software rather than animals. In this way, no animals will suffer from medical tests and society can still benefit from medical development.

In conclusion, although it is undoubtedly true that animal testing has helped scientists in drug developments and medical discoveries, I believe that the benefits to humans do not justify the suffering caused to animals and we should use alternative methods when doing medical research that does not involve animals suffering.


Nhận xét:

- Bài viết tốt, thảo luận được cả 2 khía cạnh của đề bài

- Luận điểm được giải thích rõ ràng, có kèm ví dụ

- Từ nối câu được dùng tốt

- Vốn từ vựng tốt để nêu lên đúng ý người viết

- Vẫn còn lỗi dùng từ nhưng không ảnh hưởng về nghĩa

- Các câu văn hầu như không có lỗi ngữ pháp


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Cách viết Writing Task 2 IELTS - Discussion - Học Hay



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