Hướng dẫn viết Writing Task 2 IELTS - Two-part Questions - Học Hay


Đăng bởi Mỹ Anh | 24/03/2020 | 17
Hướng dẫn chi tiết cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 - Two-part Questions | Học Hay

Dạng bài Two-part Questions trong IELTS Writing Task 2 là gì?

- Two-part Questions trong IELTS Writing Task 2 là dạng bài bao gồm hai hay nhiều câu hỏi trong đề bài. Các câu hỏi được đặt ra phải được thảo luận trong bài viết của thí sinh. Nội dung câu hỏi có thể bao gồm hoặc không bao gồm quan điểm cá nhân (đồng ý hay không đồng ý).

- Câu hỏi cho dạng bài Two-part Questions rất đa dạng:

We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in business, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used for in future? Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?

Many people decide on a career path early in their lives and keep to it. This, they argue, leads to a more satisfying working life. To what extent do you agree with this view? What other things can people do in order to have a satisfying working life?

Nowadays people waste a lot of food that was bought from shops and restaurants. Why do you think people waste food? What can be done to reduce the amount of food they throw away?

Bố cục bài viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Two-part Questions:

Bố cục của dạng bài Two-part Questions cũng bao gồm 4 phần giống các dạng bài khác trong phần thi IELTS Writing Task 2.

- Phần Giới thiệu: giới thiệu chung về chủ đề, và khái quát trả lời 2 câu hỏi ở đề bài

- Phần Thân bài: gồm 2 đoạn tương ứng với 2 câu hỏi ở đề bài. Nếu đề bài có nhiều hơn 2 câu hỏi thì từng câu hỏi ứng với một đoạn Thân bài.

- Phần Kết luận: tóm tắt lại vấn đề và câu trả lời đã được nêu trước đó.

 

Nếu đề bài có câu hỏi nêu lên quan điểm cá nhân như đồng ý hay không đồng ý, điều này tốt hay xấu thì tốt nhất bạn nên đưa ra ý kiến của mình ngay trong phần Giới thiệu hoặc phần Kết luận. 

Đề bài cho dạng này khá dài nên bạn có thể hết thời gian trước khi kjp viết đến phần kết luận, vì vậy, để tránh mất điểm, hãy nên nêu bật quan điểm của bạn ngay từ phần Giới thiệu.

Hướng dẫn viết IELTS Writing Task 2 – Two-part Questions:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past thirty years that many cities in the world are now 'one big traffic jam'.

How true do you think this statement is? What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

- Phần Giới thiệu:

over the past thirty years = in recent years

Tóm tắt lại đề bài:

Most people would agree that car ownership has increased in recent years and is causing a range of problems, particularly in built-up areas. I think there are a number of ways that governments can aim to deal with this.

 

- Phần Thân bài:

Đoạn 1: Trả lời câu hỏi 1: How true do you think this statement is?

Many big cities in the world have traffic problems but these problems vary. For example, it is reasonably easy to drive around my city after 10 am and before 5 pm. However, outside these hours, you have to allow double the usual time to reach your destination. In some other cities, traffic is congested at all times, and there is the continual sound of car horns as people try to get wherever they want to go.

Người viết trả lời câu hỏi dựa trên kinh nghiệm của bản thân.

 

Đoạn 2, 3, 4: Trả lời câu hỏi 2: What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?

One of the best approaches governments can take in busy cities is to encourage the use of public transport. This means the transport facilities have to be well run and people must be able to afford them. Buses, trams and trains are good ways of getting around, and if they are cheap and reliable, people will use them.

Another approach is to discourage people from actually entering the city by building car parks and shopping centres on the outskirts. Many cities around the world do this quite successfully and offer passengers bus transport into the centre if they need it.

At peak travel periods, governments can also run campaigns to encourage people to be less dependent on their cars. Apparently, a lot of car trips involve very short journeys to, say, the supermarket or local school. These are often unnecessary, but we automatically get in our cars without thinking.

Người viết lần lượt đưa ra các biện pháp mà chính phủ có thể áp dụng được: phương tiện công cộng, điều hướng giao thông ra vùng ngoại ô, tăng cường nhận thức để người dân hạn chế sử dụng xe hơi

 

- Phần Kết luận: tóm tắt lại ý đã nêu trong phần thân bài

Clearly we all have a responsibility to look after our cities. Governments can do a lot to improve the situation and part of what they do should involve encouraging individuals to consider alternatives to driving.

Bài viết mẫu dạng bài Two-part Questions IELTS Writing Task 2:

Bài viết 1 - band 7:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

We are becoming increasingly dependent on computers. They are used in business, crime detection and even to fly planes. What things will they be used for in future? Is this dependence on computers a good thing or should we be more suspicious of their benefits?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

Today computers are used almost everywhere, it is impossible to imagine our life without PCs, Internet the Internet, mobile phones and other computer devices. It is reasonable to think that people look forward to the future of computers. In what field will be computers used for and what role will human has in this world in future? (không copy câu trong đề bài xuống phần Giới thiệu)

Besides, computers make our life easier, we can easily get information about any product we plan to buy or place we plan to visit in a second using a personal computer and Internet the Internet. Scientists predict that in the nearest future it will be possible to smell a new perfume using the Internet and watch 3D scenes at home like as we do in the movie theatre. According to forecasts of HR agencies, machines will replace jobs of cashiers and civil and military pilots. Some corporations in Japan are already selling housewife-robots, which help old people to keep their homes clean.

Despite the fact that computers help us, they make us dependent. Apparently, people spend more time behind monitors than ever before. And some of them feel a need for more time to be spent with people in live contact. In addition, a breakdown of one of the important modules of a specific computer can entail serious consequences. Suffice Enough to mention the computer problem that occurred in at the end of 1990s, a problem related to the coming year 2000 (Y2K) and catastrophes that were predicted. Fortunately, imminent disasters did not happen. However, it is difficult to imagine what could be have happened if all the predictions came true.

We live in a technological era, computers penetrated everywhere with all benefits the benefits they provide and all dangers the dangers they hide. However we are satisfied with them and sometimes we even thank them because they help us in communicating, studying, doing business, entertaining and saving lives in critical situations.

 

Bài viết 2 - band 8:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays people waste a lot of food that was bought from shops and restaurants. Why do you think people waste food? What can be done to reduce the amount of food they throw away?

Write at least 250 words.

 

At the time when famines heavily strike impoverished third world countries, many people living in wealthy countries waste tremendous amounts of food daily. In my opinion, understanding the probable reasons of for this phenomenon is important and may lead us to some applicable solutions that will result in reducing food waste.

The low cost of food seems to be one of the obvious reasons, exacerbating the problem. Due to the revolutionary technological achievements, people have increased both the quality and the quantity number of their crops. In turn, according to the laws of supply and demand, the prices of the crops have immensely dropped. A recent study of the FAO stated that the global crops prices the prices of the global crops have dropped 50 per cent over the last decade. This enabled people to buy excessive amounts of food without a real need.

Furthermore, the absence of strict regulations to discourage or punish this attitude can also be considered a major cause. Not everyone is aware that wasting food may create problems. Consequently, they are likely to resist any calls for controlling the consumption of dietary supplies unless they are forced by the power of law. Several countries in the world saw a drop in their national food waste after implementing a ban on the excessive purchasing of food.

Fortunately, there are some possible approaches that can be adopted by both people and governments. Firstly, raising the awareness of this issue is immensely important. Using social media platforms can draw public attention to the potential dangers of food waste and how communities can confront it. Secondly, enforcing laws that prohibit the wasting of food by people and companies will deter such harmful practice.

In conclusion, the decreased price of food, as well as lack of regulations, allowed the unfortunate trend of throwing away food to continue. I believe that creating awareness and legislation are parts of a straightforward solution to this issue.

 

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Cách viết Writing Task 2 IELTS - Two-part Questions - Học Hay

 

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