Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 103: to/at/in/into – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 103: to/at/in/into | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 103: to/at/in/into – Học Hay

A. To

- Ta nói go/come/travel (etc.) to một nơi chốn/sự kiện nào đó.

go to China/go back to Italy/return to London

go to the bank/go to a party/come to my house

drive to the airport/be taken to hospital/go to work

  • When are your friends going back to Italy? (not going back in Italy)
  • Three people were injured in the accident and taken to hospital.

- Tương tự, ta dùng Welcome to … , a trip to … , a visit to … , on my way to … etc. :

  • Welcome to our country! (not Welcome in)
  • We had to cancel our trip to Paris.

- So sánh to (chuyển động) và in/at (vị trí):

  • They are going to France. but They live in France.
  • Can you come to the party? but I’ll see you at the party.

- Ta dùng ‘(I’ve) been to’ cho nơi chốn/sự kiện

  • I’ve been to Italy four times, but I’ve never been to Rome.
  • Amanda has never been to a football match in her life.

B. get and arrive

- Ta dùng get to tới một nơi chốn/địa điểm

  • They got to the hotel at midnight.
  • What time did you get to the party?

- Ta dùng arrive in … hoặc arrive at … (not arrive to). Arrive in được dùng cho thị trấn hoặc quốc gia (a town or country); arrive in được dùng cho tòa nhà hoặc sự kiện (buildings or events)

  • They arrived in Madrid / in Spain a week ago.
  • What time did you arrive at the hotel / at the airport / at the party?

C. home

- Ta dùng go home, come home, get home, arrive home, on the way home etc. mà không có giới từ.

  • We do not say ‘to home’:
  • What time did you get home? (not get to home)
  • I met Lisa on my way home.

D. into

- go into, get into … etc. = enter (a room / a building / a car etc.): đi vào

  • I opened the door, went into the room and sat down.
  • A bird flew into the kitchen through the window.
  • Every month my salary is paid directly into my bank account.

- Với một số động từ (nhất là go/get/put), ta thường sử dụng giới từ in thay vì into

  • She got in the car and drove away. or She got into the car …
  • I read the letter and put it back in the envelope.

- Trái nghĩa với intoout of

  • She got out of the car and went into a shop.

- Đối với các phương tiện xe cộ, ta thường dùng get onget off:

  • She got on the bus and I never saw her again.
  • You need to get off (the train) at the next station.

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 103: to/at/in/into – Học Hay

A Put in to/at/in/into where necessary. If no preposition is necessary, leave the space empty.

1 Three people were taken to hospital after the accident.

2 I’m tired. Let’s go (–) home now. (no preposition)

3 We left our luggage ……………….the station and went to find something to eat.

4 Shall we take a taxi ……………the station or shall we walk?

5 I have to go…………… the bank today. What time does it open?

6 The Amazon flows ……………the Atlantic Ocean.

7 I missed the bus, so I walked ……………home.

8 Have you ever been ……………Canada?

9 I lost my key, but I managed to climb…………… the house through a window.

10 We got stuck in a traffic jam on our way…………… the airport.

11 We had lunch…………… the airport while we were waiting for our plane.

12 It took us four hours to get ……………the top of the mountain.

13 Welcome ……………the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.

14 We drove along the main road and then turned ……………a narrow side street.

15 Did you enjoy your visit ……………the zoo?

16 I did some shopping on my way ……………home.

17 Marcel is French. He has just returned ……………France after two years…………… Brazil.

18 Carl was born…………… Chicago, but his family moved ……………Boston when he was three.

B Write sentences about places you have been to. Use I’ve been to / I’ve never been to + the words in brackets.

1 (never) I’ve never been to Egypt.

2 (once)

3 (never)

4 (a few times)

5 (many times)

C Put in to/at/in where necessary. If no preposition is necessary, leave the space empty.

1 What time does this train get to London?

2 They arrived…………… Barcelona a few days ago.

3 What time did you get…………… home last night?

4 What time do you usually arrive…………… work in the morning?

5 When we got ……………the cinema, there was a long queue outside.

6 We were delayed and arrived ……………home very late.

D Write sentences using got + into / out of / on / off.

1 You were walking home. A friend passed you in her car. She saw you, stopped and offered you a lift.

She opened the door. What did you do? I got into the car.

2 You were waiting at the bus stop. At last your bus came and stopped. The doors opened.

What did you do then? I…………… the bus.

3 You drove home in your car. You stopped outside your house and parked the car.

What did you do then?

4 You were travelling by train to Manchester. When the train got to Manchester, what did you do?

5 You needed a taxi. After a few minutes a taxi stopped for you. You opened the door.

What did you do then?

6 You were travelling by plane. At the end of your flight, your plane landed at the airport and stopped. The doors were opened, you took your bag and stood up.

What did you do then?

Đáp án

A

3 at

4 to

5 to

6 into

7 – (no preposition)

8 to

9 into

10 to

11 at

12 to

13 to

14 into

15 to

16 – (no preposition)

17 to (France) … in (Brazil)

18 in (Chicago) … to (Boston)

B

2 I’ve been to … once.

3 I’ve never been to …

4 I’ve been to … a few times.

5 I’ve been to … many times.

C

2 in

3 – (no preposition)

4 at

5 to

6 – (no preposition)

126.4

2 I got on

3 I got out (of the/my car).

4 I got off (the train).

5 I got into the taxi. or

I got in the taxi. or

I got in.

6 I got off (the plane).

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 103: to/at/in/into – Học Hay

 

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