Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 105: Danh từ + giới từ (reason for...) – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 105: Danh từ + giới từ (reason for...) | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 105: Danh từ + giới từ (reason for...) – Học Hay

A. noun + for …

- a demand / a need FOR …

  • The company went out of business. There was no demand for its product any more.
  • There’s no excuse for behaviour like that. There’s no need for it.

- a reason FOR …

  • The train was late, but nobody knew the reason for the delay. (not reason of)

B. noun + of

- a cause OF …

  • The cause of the explosion is unknown.

- a picture / a photo / a photograph / a map / a plan / a drawing (etc.) OF …

  • Rachel showed me some pictures of her family.
  • I had a map of the town, so I was able to find my way around.

- an advantage / a disadvantage OF …

  • The advantage of living alone is that you can do what you like.

- there is an advantage IN doing something or TO doing something

  • There are many advantages in living alone. or … many advantages to living alone.

C. noun + in…

- an increase / a decrease / a rise / a fall IN (prices etc.)

  1. There has been an increase in the number of road accidents recently.
  2. Last year was a bad one for the company. There was a big fall in sales.

D. noun + to…

- damage TO …

  • The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage to the other car.

- an invitation TO … (a party / a wedding etc.)

  • Did you get an invitation to the wedding?

- an attitude TO … or an attitude TOWARDS …

  • His attitude to his job is very negative. or His attitude towards his job …

- a solution TO a problem / a key TO a door / an answer TO a question / a reply TO a letter /a reaction TO something

  • I hope we find a solution to the problem. (not a solution of the problem)
  • I was surprised at her reaction to my suggestion.

E. noun + with…/between…

- a relationship / a connection / contact WITH …

  • Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
  • The police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.

- a relationship / a connection / contact / a difference BETWEEN two things or people

  • The police believe that there is no connection between the two crimes.
  • There are some differences between British and American English.

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 105: Danh từ + giới từ (reason for...) – Học Hay

A Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first.

1 What caused the explosion?

What was the cause of the explosion ?

2 We’re trying to solve the problem.

We’re trying to find a solution ………………..

3 Sue gets on well with her brother.

Sue has a good relationship…………… .

4 The cost of living has gone up a lot.

There has been a big increase…………… .

5 I don’t know how to answer your question.

I can’t think of an answer…………… .

6 I don’t think that a new road is necessary.

I don’t think there is any need…………… .

7 I think that living in a big city has many advantages.

I think that there are many advantages…………… .

8 Food prices fell last month.

Last month there was a fall…………… .

9 Nobody wants shoes like these any more.

There is no demand …………….

10 In what way is your job different from mine?

What is the difference…………… ?

B Complete the sentences using these nouns + a preposition:

cause    connection         contact                 damage                invitation

key         ap               photos                              reason                  reply

 

1 On the classroom wall there were some pictures and a map of the world.

2 Thank you for the…………… your birthday party.

3 Anna has little ……………her family these days. She rarely sees them.

4 I can’t open this door. Do you have a ……………the other door?

5 The……………the fire at the hotel is still unknown.

6 Did you get a ……………the email you sent?

7 The two companies are separate. There is no ……………them.

8 Jane showed me some ……………the city as it looked 100 years ago.

9 Emily has decided to give up her job. I don’t know her ……………doing this.

10 It wasn’t a bad accident. The ……………the car wasn’t serious.

C Complete the sentences with the correct preposition.

1 There are some differences between British and American English.

2 Money isn’t the solution…………… every problem.

3 There has been an increase ……………the amount of traffic using this road.

4 The advantage ……………having a car is that you don’t have to rely on public transport.

5 There are many advantages…………… being able to speak a foreign language.

6 Everything can be explained. There’s a reason…………… everything.

7 When Paul left home, his attitude ……………many things seemed to change.

8 Ben and I used to be good friends, but I don’t have much contact…………… him now.

9 James did a very good drawing…………… his father. It looks just like him.

10 What was Sarah’s reaction…………… the news?

11 Nicola took a picture ……………me holding the baby.

12 The show is very popular and there has been a great demand ……………tickets.

13 There has been a lot of debate about the causes…………… climate change.

14 The fact that Jane was offered a job in the company has no connection ……………the fact that she is a friend of the managing director.

Đáp án

A

2 to the problem

3 with her brother

4 in the cost of living

5 to your question

6 for a new road

7 in/to living in a big city

8 in food prices

9 for shoes like these any more

10 between your job and mine

B

2 invitation to

3 contact with

4 key to (key for is also possible)

5 cause of

6 reply to

7 connection between

8 photos of

9 reason for

10 damage to

C

2 to

3 in

4 of

5 in or to

6 for

7 to or towards

8 with

9 of

10 to

11 of

12 for

13 of

14 with

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 105: Danh từ + giới từ (reason for...) – Học Hay

 

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