Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 22: I’ll và I’m going to – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 22: I’ll và I’m going to | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 22: I’ll và I’m going to – HocHay

Will và be going to đều có nghĩa là "sẽ" và chúng đều là thì tương lai. Vậy làm sao để phân biệt thì tương lai đơn (will) và tương lai gần (be going to)? Đâu là sự khác biệt giữa cách dùng will và be going to?

Will Be going to

Dùng để đưa quyết định, kế hoạch ngay lúc nói

A: Hey, you forget to turn off the light.
B: Really? I'll turn it off now.
(Nè, cậu quên tắt đèn - Thật hả? Tui đi tắt liền)

Dùng để đưa ra quyết định, dự định đã được lên kế hoạch trước cho tương lai.

I'm going to visit my grandma this weekend.
(Tôi sẽ đi thăm bà của tôi cuối tuần này)

Đưa ra dự đoán cho tương lai xa (in the remote future), dựa trên ý kiến, suy nghĩ cá nhân

When I grow up, I will become a writer.
(Khi con lớn lên, con sẽ trở thành nhà văn)

Đưa ra dự đoán cho tương lai gần (in the near future), dựa trên bằng chứng, dấu hiệu (có thể nghe nhìn cảm nhận)

There're lots of black clouds in the sky. It's going to rain.
(Có quá trời mây đen luôn. Trời sắp mưa rồi)

Dùng để nói 1 sự thật, đưa ra 1 lời hứa hẹn, 1 yêu cầu, đề nghị…

- I'll be back. (Anh sẽ trở về)
- I'll help you with that box.

 

Dùng khi trong câu có các từ chỉ thời gian như: before, after, until, till, as soon as, when

I'll call you when I get there.
(Tôi sẽ gọi cho bạn khi tới đó)

 

=> Cách sử dụng  của will nhiều hơn be going to

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 22: I’ll và I’m going to – HocHay

A Complete the sentences using will (’ll) or (be) going to.

1 A: Why are you turning on the TV?

B: I’m going to watch the news. (I / watch)

2 A: I forgot my wallet. I don’t have any money.

B: Not to worry. ……………………….you some. (I / lend)

3 A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?

B: ……………………….the car. (I / wash)

4 A: I don’t know how to use the washing machine.

B: It’s easy. ……………………….you. (I / show)

5 A: I’ve decided to paint this room.

B: That’s nice. What colour ……………………….it? (you / paint)

6 A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?

B: Yes, ……………………….some things for dinner tonight. (I / buy)

7 A: What would you like to eat?

B: ……………………….a pizza, please. (I / have)

8 A: This food doesn’t taste very good, does it?

B: No, it’s horrible. ……………………….it. (I / not / finish)

9 A: Tom is starting an evening class next month.

B: Is he? What………………………. ? (he / study)

10 A: Did you call Lisa?

B: Oh, no. I completely forgot. ……………………….her now. (I / call)

11 A: Has Dan decided what to do when he leaves school?

B: Yes. Everything is planned.

First ……………………….a holiday for a few weeks. (he / have)

Then ……………………….a management training course. (he / do)

B Read the situations and complete the sentences using will (’ll) or (be) going to.

1 You want some coffee. You go to the kitchen to make some.

You say (to your friend): I’m going to make some coffee. Would you like some?

2 You’re speaking to a friend and arranging to meet. You suggest a time and place.

You say: …………………………….you at 10.30 in the hotel lobby, OK? (I/see)

3 You have decided to sell your car. You tell a friend of yours.

You say: I don’t need my car any more. …………………………….it. (I/sell)

4 Your friend is worried because she has lost her driving licence.

You say: Don’t worry. I’m sure……………………………. it. (you/find)

5a You have an old camera that is broken. You have decided to throw it away. You tell your friend.

You say: This camera is broken. …………………………….it away. (I/throw)

5b Your friend loves and collects old cameras. He doesn’t want you to throw it away.

He says: Don’t throw it away! …………………………….it. (I/have)

6a Joe has to go to the airport tomorrow. He doesn’t know how to get there. Amy offers to take him.

Amy says: Don’t worry about getting to the airport, Joe. …………………………….you. (I/take)

6b Later that day, Paul offers to take Joe to the airport. Joe tells him that it’s not necessary.

Joe says: Thanks, Paul, but …………………………….me. (Amy/take)

C Which goes with which?

1 Why don’t you come to the party with us?

2 That ceiling looks dangerous.

3 He’s looking very tired.

4 This table is too big.

5 The weather forecast is good.

6 Jack is very determined.

7 They are building a new skyscraper here.

8 I haven’t seen Ben for ages.

a He’ll get what he wants.

b He probably won’t remember me.

c It’s going to be a nice day.

d It looks as if it’s going to fall down.

e It’s going to be 200 metres high.

f You’ll enjoy it.

g I don’t think it will fit in the room.

h I think he’s going to fall asleep.

Đáp án

A

2 I’ll lend

3 I’m going to wash

4 I’ll show

5 are you going to paint

6 I’m going to buy

7 I’ll have

8 I’m not going to finish

9 (What) is he going to study / (What)’s he going to study

10 I’ll call

11 he’s going to have … he’s going to do

B

2 I’ll see

3 I’m going to sell

4 you’ll find (you’re going to find is also possible)

5 a I’m going to throw

5 b I’ll have it.

6 a I’ll take

6 b Amy is going to take (or Amy is taking)

C

1f

2 d

3 h

4 g

5 c

6 a

7 e

8 b

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 22: I’ll và I’m going to – Học Hay

 

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