Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 50: V+ ing or to... 1 – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 50: V+ ing or to...1 | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 50: V+ ing or to... 1 - Học Hay

Một số động từ có thể theo sau cả gerund và to infinitive (danh động từ và động từ nguyên mẫu có to)

a. Không làm thay đổi nghĩa của động từ chính

Cho dù sau các động từ này là "to V" hay "V-ing" thì nghĩa của nó vẫn không thay đổi.

- Chúng bao gồm: begin (bắt đầu), hate (ghét), bother (làm phiền), start (bắt đầu), love (yêu quý), can’t stand (không thể chịu đựng được), intend (có ý định), continue (tiếp tục), can’t bear, propose(đề nghị)

Ví dụ:

  • It began to rain
    It began raining.
  • I started to work
    I started working.

Tìm hiểu thêm to infinitive là gì, động từ nguyên thể là gì, cấu trúc to infinitive


- Theo sau cấu trúc: prefer + V-ing + TO + V-ing hoặc prefer + to V + THAN + to V

Ví dụ:

  • I prefer singing to dancing.
  • I prefer to sing than to dance.
    (Tôi thích hát hơn là thích nhảy)

b. Làm thay đổi nghĩa của động từ chính

Các động từ này khi đi với to infinitive và gerund trong tiếng anh sẽ có ý nghĩa khác nhau. Hãy nhìn bảng gerund and infinitive dưới đây:

Động từ chính Nghĩa V-ing Nghĩa to V
remember nhớ đã làm việc gì trong quá khứ nhớ một nhiệm vụ, một bổn phận phải làm
forget quên điều gì đã xảy ra hoặc đã làm trong quá khứ quên phải làm một bổn phận, nhiệm vụ nào đó
regret tiếc nuối về một điều gì đó đã xảy ra trong quá khứ tiếc nuối khi phải nói cho ai điều gì không tốt
stop ngưng hẳn, không làm việc đó nữa ngưng việc này để làm một việc khác
try thử làm điều gì đó cố gắng, nổ lực làm gì đó
need chỉ vật (dạng bị động) cần làm điều gì
like thích thú, say mê thứ gì thích vì thấy nó tốt, có ích
go on tiếp tục làm một việc gì đó làm/nói một điều gì đó mới
mean đòi hỏi, cần phải làm điều gì dự định làm gì

Ví dụ:

  • regret to tell you that you failed the test.
    (Tôi rất lấy làm tiếc khi phải thông báo rằng bạn đã không qua được kỳ thi này)
  • regret lending him my money. He’s gone!
    (Tao hối hận khi cho nó mượn tiền quá. Nó giật nợ đi luôn rồi!)
  • I will try to do the test.
    (Tôi sẽ cố gắng làm bài kiểm tra)
  • I will try doing the test.
    (Tôi sẽ thử làm bài kiểm tra)

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 50: V+ ing or to...2 - Học Hay

A Put the verb into the correct form, -ing or to … .

1 They denied stealing the money. (steal)

2 I don’t enjoy ………………..very much. (drive)

3 I can’t afford ……………away. I don’t have enough money. (go)

4 Have you ever considered ……………to live in another country? (go)

5 We were unlucky to lose the game. We played well and deserved…………… . (win)

6 Why do you keep ……………me questions? Leave me alone! (ask)

7 Please stop ……………me questions! (ask)

8 I refuse ……………any more questions. (answer)

9 The driver of one of the cars admitted ……………the accident. (cause)

10 Mark needed our help, and we promised ……………what we could. (do)

11 I don’t mind…………… alone, but I’d rather be with other people. (be)

12 The wall was quite high, but I managed ……………over it. (climb)

13 Sarah doesn’t know about the meeting. I forgot ……………her. (tell)

14 I’ve enjoyed to ……………you. I hope ……………you again soon. (talk, see)

B Tom can remember some things about his childhood, but he can’t remember others. Write sentences with He remembers … or He doesn’t remember … .

1 He was in hospital when he was a small child. He can still remember this.

He remembers being in hospital when he was a small child.

2 He cried on his first day at school. He doesn’t remember this.

He doesn’t ……………on his first day at school.

3 Once he fell into the river. He remembers this.

He………………….. .

4 He said he wanted to be a doctor. He doesn’t remember this.

………………………..to be a doctor.

5 Once he was bitten by a dog. He doesn’t remember this.

………………………a dog.

6 His sister was born when he was four. He remembers this.

………………………….

C Complete the sentences with a suitable verb in the correct form, -ing or to … .

1 a Please remember to lock the door when you go out.

b He says we’ve met before, but I don’t remember …………….him.

c Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember……………. it by the window and now it isn’t there.

d When you see Steve, remember ……………hello to him from me.

e A: You lent me some money a few months ago.

B: Did I? Are you sure? I don’t remember ……………you any money.

f A: Did you remember ……………your sister?

B: No, I forgot. I’ll phone her tomorrow.

2 a The course I did wasn’t very good, but I don’t regret ……………it.

b I knew they were in trouble, but I regret ……………I did nothing to help them.

c It started to get cold, and he regretted not ……………his coat.

d I now regret ……………my job. It was a big mistake.

3 a Ben joined the company nine years ago. He became assistant manager after two

years, and a few years later he went on ……………manager of the company.

b I can’t go on ……………here any more. I want a different job.

c When I came into the room, Lisa was reading a book. She looked up and said hello, and then went on…………… her book.

d Food prices have gone up again. How are we going to manage if prices go on……………?

D Put the verb into the correct form.

1 I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open, but I couldn’t. (keep)

2 I tried …………….the shelf, but I wasn’t tall enough. (reach)

3 I rang the doorbell, but there was no answer. Then I tried ……………on the window, but there was still no answer. (knock)

4 We tried ……………the fire out, but without success. We had to call the fire brigade. (put)

5 Please leave me alone. I’m trying…………… . (concentrate)

6 Sue needed to borrow some money. She tried ……………Carl, but he didn’t have any. (ask)

7 Mr Bennett isn’t here right now. Please try ……………later. (call)

8 The woman’s face was familiar. I tried ……………where I’d seen her before. (remember)

9 If you have a problem with the computer, try ……………it. (restart)

E For each picture, write a sentence with need(s) + one of the following verbs:

clean     cut          empty   paint      tighten

 

"

1 This room isn’t very nice. It needs painting .

2 The grass is very long. It …………….

3 The windows are dirty. They …………….

4 The screws are loose. …………… .

5 The bin is full. …………… .

F Which is right?

1 We spend too much time sitting down. We need getting / to get more exercise. (to get is correct)

2 These clothes are dirty. They all need washing / to wash.

3 My grandmother isn’t able to look after herself any more. She needs looking / to look after.

4 I can’t make a decision right now. I need thinking / to think about it.

5 Your hair is getting very long. It will need cutting / to cut soon.

6 I need a change. I need going / to go away for a while.

7 That shirt looks fine. You don’t need ironing / to iron it.

8 That shirt looks fine. It doesn’t need ironing / to iron.

G Put the verb into the correct form.

1 I don’t like him, but I can’t help feeling sorry for him. (feel)

2 I’ve lost my phone. Can you help me ……………for it? (look)

3 They were talking very loudly. We couldn’t help ……………what they said. (overhear)

4 He looks so funny. Whenever I see him, I can’t help ……………. (smile)

5 The fine weather helped ……………it a really nice holiday. (make)

6 Did you help ……………the meeting? (organise)

7 I think about what happened all the time. I can’t help ……………about it. (think)

8 I can’t help ……………you a job. You have to find one yourself. (get)

Đáp án

A

2 driving

3 to go

4 going

5 to win

6 asking

7 asking

8 to answer

9 causing

10 to do

11 being

12 to climb

13 to tell

14 talking … to see

B

2 He doesn’t remember crying

3 He remembers falling into the river.

4 He doesn’t remember saying he wanted to be a doctor. or

He doesn’t remember wanting to be a doctor.

5 He doesn’t remember being bitten by a dog.

6 He remembers his sister being born (when he was four).

C

1 b meeting

c leaving/putting

d to say

e lending

f to call/phone

2 a doing

b to say

c wearing / having / taking / putting on

d leaving / giving up

3 a to become

b working

c reading

d going up / rising / increasing

D

2 to reach

3 knocking

4 to put

5 to concentrate

6 asking

7 calling

8 to remember

9 restarting

E

2 It needs cutting.

3 They need cleaning.

4 They need tightening.

5 It needs emptying.

F

2 washing

3 looking

4 to think

5 cutting

6 to go

7 to iron

G

2 look or to look

3 overhearing

4 smiling

5 make or to make

6 organise or to organise

7 thinking

8 get or to get

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 50: V+ ing or to... 1 – Học Hay

 

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