Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 56: to, for & so that – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 56: to, for & so that | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 56: to, for & so that – Học Hay

A

Ta dùng giới từ to để thể hiện mục đích, lý do của một việc gì đó

  • I called the restaurant to reserve a table.
  • What do you need to make bread?
  • We shouted to warn everybody of the danger.
  • This letter is to confirm the decisions we made at our meeting last week.
  • The president has a team of bodyguards to protect him.

B

- Ta thường dùng ‘a place to park’, ‘something to eat’, ‘work to do’ etc.

  • It’s hard to find a place to park in the city centre. (= a place where you can park)
  • Would you like something to eat? (= something that you can eat)
  • Do you have much work to do? (= work that you must do)

- Đôi khi giới từ (to,with…) sẽ đi sau động từ

  • Is there a chair to sit on? (= a chair that I can sit on)
  • I get lonely if there’s nobody to talk to.
  • I need something to open this bottle with.

- Ta dùng cụm money/time/chance/opportunity/energy/courage (etc.) to do something:

  • They gave us money to buy food.
  • Do you have much opportunity to practise your English?
  • I need a few days to think about your proposal.

C. FOR vs TO

for + noun

to + verb

We stopped for petrol.

I had to run for the bus.

We stopped to get petrol.

I had to run to catch the bus.

 

- Ta có thể dùng ‘for somebody to do something’:

  • There weren’t any chairs for us to sit on, so we sat on the floor.

- Dùng for (do)ing để nói mục đích sử dụng của một cái gì đó

  • This brush is for washing the dishes.

- KHÔNG dùng for -ing để nói lý do một người làm một việc gì đó

  • I went into the kitchen to wash the dishes. (not for washing)

-  What … for? thường được dùng để hỏi về mục đích

  • What is this switch for? (= what is it used for?)
  • What did you do that for? (= why did you do that?)

D. so that

- Ta dùng so that (not to …) đặc biệt với can/could and will/would:

  • She’s learning English so that she can study in Canada.
  • We moved to London so that we could see our friends more often.
  • I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late.
    (= because I didn’t want to be late)

- “That” có thể được loại bỏ

  • I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late. or I hurried so I wouldn’t be late

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 56: to, for & so that – Học Hay

A Choose from Box A and Box B to make sentences with to … .

1 I shouted

2 I opened the box

3 I moved to a new apartment

4 I couldn’t find a knife

5 I called the police

6 I called the hotel

7 I employed an assistant

 

I wanted to be nearer my friends

I wanted someone to help me with my work

I wanted to report the accident

I wanted to warn people of the danger

I wanted to see what was in it

I wanted to chop the onions

I wanted to find out if they had any rooms free

 

 

1 I shouted to warn people of the danger.

B Complete these sentences using to + a suitable verb.

1 The president has a team of bodyguards to protect him.

2 I don’t have enough time ………………………….all the things I have to do.

3 I came home by taxi. I didn’t have the energy……………… .

4 Would you like something……………… ? Coffee? Tea?

5 Can you give me a bag……………… these things in?

6 There will be a meeting next week……………… the problem.

7 Do you need a visa……………… to the United States?

8 I saw Helen at the party, but I didn’t have a chance……………… to her.

9 I need some new clothes. I don’t have anything nice……………… .

10 They’ve passed their exams. They’re going to have a party……………… .

11 I can’t do all this work alone. I need somebody……………… me.

12 Why are you so scared? There’s nothing……………… afraid of.

C Put in to or for.

1 We stopped for petrol.

2 We’ll need time……………… make a decision.

3 I went to the dentist……………… a check-up.

4 He’s very old. He needs somebody……………… take care of him.

5 Can you lend me money……………… a taxi?

6 Do you wear glasses……………… reading?

7 I put on my glasses……………… read the letter.

8 I wish we had a garden……………… the children……………… play in.

D Make one sentence from two, using so that.

1 I hurried. I didn’t want to be late.

I hurried so that I wouldn’t be late.

2 I wore warm clothes. I didn’t want to get cold.

I wore warm clothes………………

3 I gave Mark my phone number. I wanted him to be able to contact me.

I gave Mark my phone number………………

4 We spoke very quietly. We didn’t want anybody else to hear us.

We spoke very quietly nobody else………………

5 Please arrive early. We want to be able to start the meeting on time.

Please arrive early………………

6 We made a list of things to do. We didn’t want to forget anything.

We made a list of things to do………………

7 I slowed down. I wanted the car behind me to be able to overtake.

I slowed down………………

Đáp án

A

2 I opened the box to see what was in it.

3 I moved to a new apartment to be nearer my friends.

4 I couldn’t find a knife to chop the onions. or … a knife to chop the onions with.

5 I called the police to report the accident.

6 I called the hotel to find out if they had any rooms free.

7 I employed an assistant to help me with my work.

B

2 to do

3 to walk

4 to drink

5 to put / to carry

6 to discuss / to consider / to talk about

7 to go / to travel

8 to talk / to speak

9 to wear / to put on

10 to celebrate

11 to help / to assist

12 to be

C

2 to

3 for

4 to

5 for

6 for

7 to

8 for … to

D

2 so that I wouldn’t get/be cold.

3 so that he could contact me. / … would be able to contact me.

4 so that nobody else would hear us. / so that nobody else could hear us. / … would be able to hear us.

5 so that we can start the meeting on time. / so that we’ll be able to start …

6 so that we wouldn’t forget anything.

7 so that the car behind me could overtake. / … would be able to overtake.

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 56: to, for & so that – Học Hay

 

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