Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 57: Adj + to – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 57: Adj + to | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 57: Adj + to – Học Hay

A. hard to understand, interesting to talk to etc.

 

- Những tính từ khác cũng được áp dụng tương tự :

easy /nice /safe/ cheap /exciting/ impossible

difficult/ good /dangerous /expensive /interesting

  • Do you think it is safe to drink this water?
  • Do you think this water is safe to drink? (not to drink it)
  • The exam questions were very hard. It was impossible to answer them.
  • The exam questions were very hard. They were impossible to answer.
    (not to answer them)
  • Nicola has lots of interesting ideas. It’s interesting to talk to her.
  • Nicola is interesting to talk to. (not to talk to her)

- Cấu trúc này cũng được áp dụng với adjective + noun:

  • This is a difficult question to answer. (not to answer it)

 

B. nice of (you) to …

- Chúng ta nói ‘It’s nice of somebody to …’ :

  • It was nice of you to take me to the airport. Thank you very much.

- Những tính từ khác cũng được áp dụng tương tự :

kind/ generous/ careless/ silly /stupid /inconsiderate /unfair /typical

  • It’s silly of Ruth to give up her job when she needs the money.
  • I think it was unfair of him to criticise me.

 

C. sorry to … / surprised to … etc.

- Dùng adjective + to … để nói cách một người phản ứng với một điều gì đó

  • I’m sorry to hear that your mother isn’t well.

- Những tính từ khác cũng được áp dụng tương tự :

glad /pleased /relieved /surprised/ amazed /sad /disappointed

  • Was Julia surprised to see you?
  • It was a long and tiring journey. We were glad to get home.

D

- Ta có thể dùng  to … sau các từ như the next / the last / the only / the first / the second (etc.):

  • The next train to arrive at platform 4 will be the 10.50 to Liverpool.
  • Everybody was late except me. I was the only one to arrive on time.
  • If I have any more news, you will be the first to know. (= the first person to know.)

- Cấu trúc something is sure/likely/bound to happen:

  • Carla is a very good student. She’s bound to pass the exam. (= she is sure to pass)
  • It’s possible I’ll win the lottery one day, but it’s not likely to happen. (= it’s not probable)

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 57: Adj + to – Học Hay

A Write these sentences in another way, beginning as shown.

1 It’s hard to understand some things. => Some things are hard to understand.

2 It was difficult to open the window.  => The window……………………….

3 It’s impossible to translate some words. => Some words…………………

4 It’s expensive to maintain a car. => A…………………

5 It’s not safe to eat this meat. => This…………………

6 It’s easy to get to my house from here. => My…………………

B Make sentences from the words in brackets.

1 I couldn’t answer the question.

(difficult question / answer) It was a difficult question to answer.

2 It’s a very common mistake.

(easy mistake / make)

3 I like living in this town.

(great place / live)

4 I wonder why she said that.

(strange thing / say)

C Complete the sentences. Choose from the box.

to hear

to help

to invite

to make

not

of you

silly

amazed

glad

 

1 It’s nice of Dan and Kate to invite me to their party.

2 I’ve been travelling a long time. Now I’m ……………….to be back home.

3 I heard about Tom’s accident. I was relieved ……………that he’s OK.

4 It was nice ……………to remember my birthday.

5 Let me know if you need any assistance. I’d be very pleased ……………you.

6 I thought James was about 25. I was…………… to discover he was 40.

7 It was inconsiderate of our neighbours ……………so much noise.

8 My interview went well. I was disappointed…………… to be offered the job.

9 It’s ……………of me to worry so much about things that are not important.

D Complete the sentences. Use: the first the second the last the only

1 Nobody spoke before me. I was the first person to speak.

2 Everybody else arrived before Paul.

Paul was……………

3 Emily passed the exam. All the other students failed.

Emily……………

4 I complained to the manager. Another customer had already complained.

I……………

5 Neil Armstrong walked on the moon in 1969. Nobody had done this before him.

Neil Armstrong……………

E Complete the sentences using the words in brackets and a suitable verb.

1 Carla is a very good student.

(she / bound / pass) She’s bound to pass the exam.

2 I’m not surprised you’re tired after your trip.

(you / bound / tired) ……………after such a long journey.

3 Andy has a very bad memory.

(he / sure / forget) ……………anything you tell him.

4 I don’t think you’ll need an umbrella.

(it / not / likely / rain) …………… .

5 The holidays begin this weekend.

(there / sure / be) …………… a lot of traffic on the roads.

Đáp án

A

2 The window was difficult to open.

3 Some words are impossible to translate.

4 A car is expensive to maintain.

5 This meat isn’t safe to eat.

6 My house is easy to get to from here.

B

2 It’s an easy mistake to make.

3 It’s a great place to live.

4 It was a strange thing to say.

C

2 glad

3 to hear

4 of you

5 to help

6 amazed

7 to make

8 not

9 silly

D

2 Paul was the last (person) to arrive.

3 Emily was the only student to pass (the exam). / … the only one to pass (the exam).

4 I was the second customer/person to complain.

5 Neil Armstrong was the first person/

man to walk on the moon.

E

2 You’re / You are bound to be tired

3 He’s / He is sure to forget

4 It’s / It is not likely to rain or

It isn’t likely to rain

5 There’s / There is sure to be

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 57: Adj + to – Học Hay

 

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