Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 58: Preposition + To/V-ing – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 58: Preposition + To/V-ing | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 58: Preposition + To/V-ing – Học Hay

A. afraid to (do) and afraid of (do)ing

- afraid to do something = không muốn làm điều gì đó vì nó nguy hiểm hoặc có thể để lại hậu quả xấu

  • This part of town is dangerous. People are afraid to walk here at night.
    (họ không đi bộ đến đây bởi vì nó nguy hiểm)
  • James was afraid to tell his parents what had happened.
    (anh ấy không nói với cha mẹ vì nghĩ rằng họ sẽ nổi giận)

- afraid of something happening = e ngại rằng điều gì đó xấu sẽ xảy ra

  • The path was icy, so we walked very carefully. We were afraid of falling.
    (họ sợ rằng mình sẽ ngã)
  • I don’t like dogs. I’m always afraid of being bitten.
    (tôi sợ rằng mình sẽ bị cắn)

- Bạn không muốn làm điều gì đó (afraid to do something) bởi vì bạn e ngại rằng điều gì đó xấu sẽ ra (afraid of something happening)

  • I was afraid to go near the dog because I was afraid of being bitten.

B. interested in (do)ing and interested to (do)

- interested in doing something = nghĩ tới làm một việc gì đó, có hứng thú làm điều đó

  • Let me know if you’re interested in joining the club. (not to join)
  • I tried to sell my car, but nobody was interested in buying it. (not to buy)

- interested to hear/see/know something = điều gì đó hấp dẫn thú vị đối với tôi

  • I was interested to hear that Tanya left her job.
    (tôi nghe thấy điều đó và nó rất thú vị đối với tôi)
  • I’ll ask Mike for his opinion. I would be interested to know what he thinks.
    (= it would be interesting for me to know what he thinks)

- Cấu trúc này dùng tương tự cho surprised to … / glad to … etc.

  • I was surprised to hear that Tanya left her job.

C. sorry for … and sorry to …

- sorry for (doing) để xin lỗi về một việc gì đó

  • I’m sorry for shouting at you yesterday. (not sorry to shout) ~  I’m sorry I shouted at you yesterday.

- sorry to … để bày tỏ sự tiếc nuối về một điều gì đó

  • I’m sorry to hear that Nicky lost her job.
  • I’ve enjoyed my stay here. I’ll be sorry to leave.

-  ‘I’m sorry to …’ cũng được dùng để xin lỗi ngay tại thời gian chúng ta làm điều gì đó.

  • I’m sorry to bother you, but I need to ask you a question.

D

Ta dùng:

I want to (do), I’d like to (do)

I hope to (do)

I failed to (do)

I allowed them to (do)

I plan to (do)

I promised to (do)

 

but

I’m thinking of (do)ing

I dream of (do)ing

I succeeded in (do)ing

I prevented them from (do)ing

I’m looking forward to (do)ing

I insisted on (do)ing

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 58: Preposition + To/V-ing – Học Hay

A Write sentences using afraid to … or afraid of -ing.

1 The streets here are not safe at night.

(a lot of people / afraid / go / out) A lot of people are afraid to go out.

2 We walked very carefully along the icy path.

(we / afraid / fall) We were afraid of falling.

3 I don’t usually carry my passport with me.

(I / afraid / lose / it)

4 I thought she would be angry if I told her what had happened.

(I / afraid / tell / her)

5 We ran to the station.

(we / afraid / miss / our train)

6 In the middle of the film there was a very horrifying scene.

(we / afraid / look)

7 The vase was very valuable, so I held it carefully.

(I / afraid / drop / it)

8 If there’s anything you want to know, you can ask me.

(don’t / afraid / ask)

9 I was worried because we didn’t have much petrol.

(I / afraid / run out of petrol)

B Complete the sentences using interested in … or interested to … . Choose from these verbs:

buy        hear       know     look       start       study

 

1 I’m trying to sell my car, but nobody is interested in buying it.

2 Nicola is …………………..her own business.

3 I saw Joe recently. You’ll be ………………that he’s getting married soon.

4 I didn’t enjoy school. I wasn’t……………… .

5 I went to a public meeting to discuss the plans for a new road. I was……………… how people felt about the project.

6 Paul doesn’t enjoy sightseeing. He’s not……………… at old buildings.

C Complete the sentences using sorry for … or sorry to … . Use the verb in brackets.

1 I’m sorry to bother you, but I need to ask you something. (bother)

2 We were……………… that you can’t come to the wedding. (hear)

3 I’m ………………bad things about you. I didn’t mean what I said. (say)

4 It’s a shame Alan is leaving the company. I’ll be………………him go. (see)

5 I’m ………………so much noise last night. (make)

D Complete the sentences in each group using the verb in brackets.

1 (leave)

a We wanted to leave the building.

b We weren’t allowed the building.

c We were prevented the building.

2 (solve)

a Sam and Chris hoped the problem.

b Sam failed the problem.

c Chris succeeded the problem.

3 (go)

a I’m thinking away next week.

b I’m planning away next week.

c I’d like away next week.

d I’m looking forward away next week.

4 (buy)

a Helen wanted me lunch.

b Helen insisted me lunch.

c Helen promised me lunch.

d Helen wouldn’t dream me lunch.

Đáp án

A

3 I’m afraid of losing it.

4 I was afraid to tell her.

5 We were afraid of missing our train.

6 We were afraid to look.

7 I was afraid of dropping it.

8 Don’t be afraid to ask.

9 I was afraid of running out of petrol.

B

2 interested in starting

3 interested to know / interested to hear

4 interested in studying

5 interested to hear / interested to know (interested in hearing/knowing is also possible here)

6 interested in looking

C

2 sorry to hear

3 sorry for saying / sorry I said

4 sorry to see

5 sorry for making / sorry I made

D

1 b to leave

c from leaving

2 a to solve

b to solve

c in solving

3 a of going / about going

b to go (or on going)

c to go

d to going

4 a to buy

b on buying

c to buy

d of buying

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 58: Preposition + To/V-ing – Học Hay

 

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