Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 69: of mine/my own/by myself – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 69: of mine/my own/by myself | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 69: of mine/my own/by myself – Học Hay

A. a friend of mine / a friend of yours etc.

- (a friend) of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs

- A friend of mine = one of my friends (một trong những người bạn của tôi)

  • I’m going to a wedding on Saturday. A friend of mine is getting married. (not a friend of me)
  • We went on holiday with some friends of ours. (not some friends of us)
  • Harry had an argument with a neighbour of his.
  • It was a good idea of yours to go to the cinema.

- Chúng ta nói ‘(a friend) of my sister’s / (a friend) of Tom’s’ …theo cách tương tự:

  • That woman over there is a friend of my sister’s. (= one of my sister’s friends)
  • It was a good idea of Tom’s to go to the cinema.
  •  

B. my own … / your own … etc.

- My own / your own / her own … etc.

- My own = của tôi, của riêng tôi (không chia sẻ hoặc mượn)

  • I don’t want to share a room with anybody. I want my own room.
  • Vicky and Gary would like to have their own house.
  • It’s a shame that the apartment hasn’t got its own parking space.
  • It’s my own fault that I have no money. I buy too many things I don’t need.
  • Why do you want to borrow my car? Why don’t you use your own? (= your own car)

- Ta có thể nói theo cách a room of my own, a house of your own, problems of his own

  • I’d like to have a room of my own.
  • He won’t be able to help you with your problems. He has too many problems of his own.

 

C He cuts his own hair

- Ta cũng dùng own để nói bản thân mình (hay ai đó) tự làm một việc gì thay vì nhờ người khác làm dùm.

  • Paul usually cuts his own hair.
    (= he cuts it himself)
  • I’d like to have a garden so that
  • I could grow my own vegetables.
    (= grow them myself instead of buying them from shops)

 

D. on my own / by myself

- On my ownby myself có nghĩa là một mình (alone). Ta có thể nói:

"

  • I like living on my own. or I like living by myself.
  • Some people prefer to live on their own. or … live by themselves.
  • Jack was sitting on his own in a corner of the cafe. or Jack was sitting by himself …
  • Did you go on holiday on your own? or Did you go on holiday by yourself?

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 69: of mine/my own/by myself – Học Hay

A Change the underlined words and use the structure … of mine/yours etc.

1 I’m meeting one of my friends tonight. => I’m meeting a friend of mine tonight.

2 We met one of your relatives. => We met a…………………………..

3 Jason borrowed one of my books. =>Jason borrowed………………

4 I met Lisa and some of her friends. =>I met Lisa and………………

5 We had dinner with one of our neighbours. =>We had dinner with………………

6 I went on holiday with two of my friends. =>I went on holiday with………………

7 I met one of Amy’s friends at the party. =>I met ………………at the party.

8 It’s always been one of my ambitions to travel round the world.

=> It’s always been………………to travel round the world.

B Complete the sentences using my own / our own etc. + the following:

bathroom            business              opinions               private                  beach    words

 

1 I share a kitchen, but I have my own bathroom .

2 Gary doesn’t think like me. He has………………… .

3 Julia doesn’t want to work for other people. She wants to start……………… .

4 In the test we had to read a story, and then write it in……………… .

5 We stayed at a luxury hotel by the sea. The hotel had……………… .

C Complete the sentences using my own / your own etc.

1 Why do you need to borrow my car? Why don’t you use your own car ?

2 How can you blame me? It’s not my fault. It’s……………… .

3 She’s always using my ideas. Why can’t she use ………………?

4 Please don’t worry about my problems. I’m sure you have……………… .

5 I can’t make his decisions for him. He has to make……………… .

D Complete the sentences using my own / your own etc. Use the verbs in brackets.

1 Paul never goes to a barber. He cuts his own hair . (cut)

2 Helen doesn’t often buy clothes. She likes to……………… . (make)

3 I’m not going to clean your shoes. You can……………… . (clean)

4 We don’t often buy bread. We usually……………… . (bake)

5 Jack and Joe are singers. They sing songs written by other people, but they also………………. (write)

E Complete the sentences using my own / your own etc. or myself/yourself etc.

1 Did you go on holiday on your own ?

2 The box was too heavy for me to lift by……………… .

3 We had no help decorating the apartment. We did it completely on……………… .

4 Very young children should not go swimming by……………… .

5 ‘Who was Tom with when you saw him?’ ‘Nobody. He was by ……………….’

6 I don’t like strawberries with cream. I like them on……………… .

7 Do you like working with other people or do you prefer working by……………… ?

8 I went out with Sally because she didn’t want to go out on……………… .

F Are these sentences OK? Correct them where necessary.

1 Katherine would like to have the own house. .=>  to have her own house.

2 Sam and Chris are colleagues of me.

3 I was scared. I didn’t want to go out by my own.

4 In my last job I had own office.

5 He must be lonely. He’s always with himself.

6 My parents have gone away with some friends of them.

7 Are there any countries that produce all own food?

Đáp án

A

2 We met a relative of yours.

3 Jason borrowed a book of mine.

4 I met Lisa and some friends of hers.

5 We had dinner with a neighbour of ours.

6 I went on holiday with two friends of mine.

7 I met a friend of Amy’s at the party.

8 It’s always been an ambition of mine to travel round the world.

B

2 his own opinions

3 her own business

4 our own words

5 its own private beach

C

2 your own fault

3 her own ideas

4 your own problems

5 his own decisions

D

2 make her own (clothes)

3 clean your own (shoes)

4 bake our own (bread)

5 write their own (songs)

E

2 myself

3 our own

4 themselves

5 himself

6 their own

7 yourself

8 her own

F

2 Sam and Chris are colleagues of mine.

3 I was scared. I didn’t want to go out on my own.

4 In my last job I had my own office.

5 He must be lonely. He’s always by himself.

6 My parents have gone away with some friends of theirs.

7 Are there any countries that produce all their own food?

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 69: of mine/my own/by myself – Học Hay

 

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