Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 83: so & such – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 83: so & such | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 83: so & such – Học Hay

A.

- so + adjective/adverb:

so stupid/so quick/so nice /so quickly

 

  • I didn’t like the book. The story was so stupid
  • Everything happened so quickly

- such + noun:

such a story /such people

-  such + adjective + noun:

such a stupid story/ such nice people

 

  • I didn’t like the book. It was such a stupid story. (not a so stupid story
  • I like Liz and Joe. They are such nice people. (not so nice people)

 

- Dùng such a … (not a such):

such a big dog

 

 

 

B.

So và such nhấn mạnh nghĩa của câu

  • I’ve had a busy day. I’m so tired. (= really tired
  • It’s difficult to understand him. He talks so quietly.

 

- Dùng so … that:

  • I was so tired that I fell asleep in the armchair.

 

- Ta có thể bỏ that

  • I was so tired I fell asleep.

 

  • We had a great trip. We had such a good time. (= a really good time
  • You always think good things are going to happen. You’re such an optimist.

 

- Ta có thể dùng such … that:

  • It was such nice weather that we spent the whole day on the beach.

 

- Ta có thể bỏ that:

  • It was such nice weather we spent …

 

 

C.

So và such còn có nghĩa là “như thế này” (like this)

  • Somebody told me the house was built 100 years ago. I didn’t realise it was so old. (= as old as it is)
  •  
  • I’m tired because I got up at six. I don’t usually get up so early.

 

  • I didn’t realise it was such an old house
  • You know it’s not true. How can you say such a thing? (= a thing like this
  • You won’t find the word ‘blid’ in the dictionary. There’s no such word. (= this word does not exist)

 

 

D.

- so long

  • I haven’t seen her for so long I’ve forgotten what she looks like.

- so far

  • I didn’t know it was so far.

- so much, so many

  • I’m sorry I’m late – there was so much traffic.

 

- such a long time

  • I haven’t seen her for such a long time. (not so long time)

- such a long way

  • I didn’t know it was such a long way.

such a lot (of)

  • I’m sorry I’m late – there was such a lot of traffic.

 

 

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 83: so & such – Học Hay

A Put in so, such or such a.

1 It was a great holiday. We had such a good time.

2 Everything is ……………..expensive these days, isn’t it?

3 He always looks good. He wears ………….nice clothes.

4 I couldn’t believe the news. It was ………….shock.

5 What a nice garden! These are ………….lovely flowers.

6 The party was great. It was ………….shame you couldn’t come.

7 I was glad to see that he looked ………….well after his recent illness.

8 I have to go. I didn’t realise it was…………. late.

9 Why does it always take you…………. long time to get ready?

10 Everything went wrong. We had ………….bad luck.

B Make one sentence from two. Choose from the box, and then complete the sentences using so or such.

The music was loud.       It was horrible weather.               I’ve got a lot to do.

I had a big breakfast.                  It was a beautiful day.               Her English is good.

The bag was heavy.                        I was surprised.                                The hotel was a long way.

 

1 It was such a beautiful day , we decided to go to the beach.

2 …………., she couldn’t lift it.

3 …………., I don’t know where to begin.

4 …………., I didn’t know what to say.

5…………. , it could be heard from miles away.

6 , we spent the whole day indoors.

7 …………., you would think it was her native language.

8…………. , it took us ages to get there.

9 …………., I didn’t eat anything for the rest of the day.

C Put the words in the right order.

1 I got up at six this morning. I don’t usually get up so early .

(get up / early / usually / so / don’t)

2 Why…………. ? There’s plenty of time.

(a / such / hurry / you / in / are)

3 It took us an hour to get here. I’m …………..

(long / it / surprised / so / took)

4 He said he worked for a company called Elcron, but…………. .

(such / there’s / company / no)

5 I regret what I did. I don’t know why…………. .

(such / thing / I / did / a / stupid)

6 Why…………. ? Can’t you drive faster?

(driving / so / you / slowly / are)

7 Two months? How did you…………. ?

(English / time / learn / short / a / such / in)

8 Why…………. ? You could have got a cheaper one.

(expensive / you / an / phone / did / such / buy)

D Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.

1 We enjoyed our holiday. We had such a good time .

2 I like Kate. She’s so…………. .

3 I like Kate. She’s such…………. .

4 It’s good to see you again! I haven’t seen you for so…………. .

5 I thought the airport was near the city. I didn’t realise it was such…………. .

6 The streets were crowded. There were so………….

Đáp án

A

2 so

3 such

4 such a

5 such

6 such a

7 so

8 so

9 such a

10 such

B

2 The bag was so heavy

3 I’ve got such a lot to do

4 I was so surprised

5 The music was so loud

6 It was such horrible weather

7 Her English is so good

8 The hotel was such a long way

9 I had such a big breakfast

C

2 Why are you in such a hurry?

3 I’m surprised it took so long.

4 … but there’s no such company.

5 … why I did such a stupid thing.

6 Why are you driving so slowly?

7 How did you learn English in such a short time?

8 Why did you buy such an expensive phone?

D

Example answers:

2 She’s so friendly.

3 She’s such a nice person.

4 I haven’t seen you for so long.

5 I didn’t realise it was such a long way.

6 There were so many people.

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 83: so & such – Học Hay

 

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