Sách Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 98: during/for/while – Học Hay


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Giáo trình English Grammar in Use – Unit 98: during/for/while | Học Hay

Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 98: during/for/while – Học Hay

A. during

- during = trong khoảng thời gian/trong lúc (at a time between the start and end of something)

  • I fell asleep during the movie. (= at a time between the start and end of the movie)
  • We met some really nice people during our holiday.
  • The ground is wet. It must have rained during the night.

- Với những từ chỉ thời gian (the morning, the night, the summer etc.), ta thường dùng giới từ in hoặc during

  • It rained in the night. or … during the night.
  • It’s lovely here during the summer. or … in the summer. during for while

B. for & during

- for (+ a period of time) thường được dùng để nói một việc diễn ra trong bao lâu

  • We watched TV for two hours last night.
  • Jess is going away for a week in September.
  • How are you? I haven’t seen you for ages.
  • Are you going away for the weekend?

- Ta không dùng during để nói một việc diễn ra trong bao lâu. ‘during two hours’, ‘during five years’ etc. :

  • It rained for three days without stopping. (not during three days)

- Ta dùng during khi nào (when) một việc/sự kiện diễn ra

  • ‘When did you fall asleep?’ ‘During the movie.’
  • ‘How long were you asleep?’ ‘For half an hour.’

C. during and while

during + noun:

 

- I fell asleep during the movie.

- We met a lot of interesting people during our holiday.

- Robert suddenly began to feel ill during the exam.

 

while + subject + verb:

 

- I fell asleep while I was watching TV.

- We met a lot of interesting people while we were on holiday.

- Robert suddenly began to feel ill while he was doing the exam.

 

  • We saw Clare while we were waiting for the bus.
  • While you were out, there was a phone call for you.

- Khi chúng ta nói về tương lai, ta dùng thì hiện tại đằng sau while, không dùng thì tương lai đơn “will”

  • I’m going to Moscow next week. I hope the weather will be good while I’m there. (not while I will be)
  • What are you going to do while you’re waiting? (not while you’ll be waiting)

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 98: during/for/while – Học Hay

A Put in for or during.

1 It rained for three days without stopping.

2 I fell asleep during the movie.

3 I went to the theatre last night. I met Sue ……………..the interval.

4 I felt really ill last week. I could hardly eat anything ………….three days.

5 The traffic was bad. We were stuck in a traffic jam ………….two hours.

6 Production at the factory was seriously affected…………. the strike.

7 Sarah was very angry with me. She didn’t speak to me ………….a week.

8 I don’t have much free ………….time the week, but I relax at weekends.

9 I need a break. I think I’ll go away…………. a few days.

10 The president gave a short speech. She spoke…………. only ten minutes.

11 We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t eaten anything ………….the journey.

12 We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t eaten anything ………….eight hours.

B Put in during or while.

1 We met a lot of interesting people while we were on holiday.

2 We met a lot of interesting people during our holiday.

3 I met Mike…………. I was shopping.

4 ………….I was on holiday, I didn’t use my phone at all.

5 I learnt a lot…………. the course. The teachers were very good.

6 There was a lot of noise ………….the night. What was it?

7 I’d been away for many years. Many things had changed ………….that time.

8 What did they say about me…………. I was out of the room?

9 When I fly anywhere, I never eat anything ………….the flight.

10 Please don’t interrupt me ………….I’m speaking.

11 ………….the festival, it’s almost impossible to find a hotel room here.

12 We were hungry when we arrived. We hadn’t eaten anything ………….we were travelling.

C Put in during, for or while.

1 I used to live in Berlin. I lived there ………….five years.

2 One of the runners fell ………….the race but managed to get up and continue.

3 Nobody came to see me ………….I was in hospital.

4 Try to avoid travelling ………….the busy periods of the day.

5 I was very tired. I slept…………. ten hours.

6 Can you hold my bag ………….I try on this jacket?

7 I’m not sure when we’ll arrive, but it will be sometime ………….the afternoon.

8 I wasn’t well last week. I hardly ate anything…………. three days.

9 My phone rang ………….we were having dinner.

10 Nobody knows how many people were killed ………….the war.

D Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.

1 I fell asleep while I was watching TV.

2 I fell asleep during the movie.

3 Can you wait for me while………….

4 Most of the students looked bored during………….

5 I was asked a lot of questions during………….

6 Don’t open the car door while………….

7 The lights suddenly went out while………….

8 What are you going to do while………….

9 It started to rain during………….

10 It started to rain while………….

Đáp án

A

3 during

4 for

5 for

6 during

7 for

8 during (or in)

9 for

10 for

11 during

12 for

B

3 while

4 While

5 during

6 during (or in)

7 during (or in)

8 while

9 during

10 while

11 During

12 while

C

1 for

2 during

3 while

4 during (or in)

5 for

6 while

7 during (or in)

8 for

9 while

10 during

D

Example answers:

3 Can you wait for me while I make a quick phone call?

4 Most of the students looked bored during the lesson.

5 I was asked a lot of questions during the interview.

6 Don’t open the car door while the car is moving.

7 The lights suddenly went out while we were watching TV.

8 What are you going to do while you’re on holiday?

9 It started to rain during the game.

10 It started to rain while we were walking home.

 

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 98: during/for/while – Học Hay

 

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