Sách Market Leader Upper Intermediate – Unit 7: Management Styles – Tiếng anh thương mại – Học Hay (Phần 1)


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Market Leader Upper Intermediate – Unit 7: Management Styles - Listening

 

A. Laurie Mullins is the author of Management and Organisational Behaviour. Listen to the first part of the interview. Which two factors influence the managerial function today, and what are the two examples that Laurie gives of these factors?

 

Đáp án:

1. The ability to manage in an increasingly competitive, volatile, changing business environment; concern for recognition of the individual within the organisation.

2. Managing with an increasing rate of technological change, allied to the competitive and challenging business environment.

 

B. Listen to the second part. Which six managerial philosophies does Laurie mention?

 

Đáp án:

1. Consideration, respect and trust

2. Recognition and credit

3. Involvement and availability

4. A sense of justice

5. Positive action on an individual basis

6. Emphasis on end results

 

C. Listen to the final part and complete these extracts.

Some managers believe in the need for ............ (1) and control through an ............ (2) system of central control, formal organisation ............ (3), systems of ............ (4), and the belief that it's natural for people to try to get away with what they can ...

Other managers believe in the integration of ............ (5) and ............ (6) goals and that people can be ............(7) to the goals of the organisation, in which case they will exercise self…………... (8) and self-............ (9).

 

Đáp án:

1. direction

2. organised

3. structure

4. routine

5. individual

6. organisational

7. committed

8. direction

9. control

Vocabulary Market Leader Upper Intermediate – Unit 7: Management Styles – Tiếng anh thương mại – HocHay

A. Give the opposite meaning for each of these adjectives, using the prefixes in-, ir-, un-, il- or dis-. Then provide the noun forms.

1. considerate 

2. competent 

3. creative 

4. diplomatic 

5. efficient 

6. flexible 

7. inspiring 

8. logical 

9. loyal 

10. organised

11. decisive

12. responsible

13. sociable

14. supportive

 

Đáp án:

Adjective Opposite Adjective Noun form
considerate  inconsiderate consideration / considerateness
competent  incompetent competence / competency
creative  uncreative creativity / creativeness
diplomatic  undiplomatic diplomacy
efficient  inefficient efficiency
flexible  inflexible flexibility
inspiring  uninspiring creation
logical  illogical logic / logicality
loyal  disloyal loyalty
organised disorganised organisation
decisive indecisive decision / decisiveness 
responsible irresponsible responsibility
sociable unsociable sociability
supportive unsupportive support

 

B. Mark the stress on the positive adjective and noun forms in Exercise A. Listen and check your answers.

 

Đáp án:

1. considerate, consideration 2. competent, competency
3. creative, creativity 4. diplomatic, diplomacy
5. efficient, efficiency 6. flexible, flexibility
7. inspiring, inspiration 8. logical, logic
9. loyal, loyalty 10. organised, organisation
11. decisive, decisiveness 12. responsible, responsibility
13. sociable, sociability  14. supportive, support

 

C. Match these pairs of contrasting management styles.

1. autocratic  a) collaborative
2. centralising  b) controlling
3. directive  c) delegating
4. empowering  d) democratic
5. hands-on  e) people-orientated
6. task-orientated  f) laissez-faire

 

Đáp án:

1. d

2. a

3. f

4. b

5. c

6. e

Language Review Market Leader Upper Intermediate – Unit 7: Management Styles – Tiếng anh thương mại – HocHay

A. Look at the Jim Buckmaster article and say what all the words in red refer to.

 

Đáp án:

 

B. Look at the first paragraph of the Anna Wintour article and find an example of it as an 'empty' subject.

 

Đáp án:

It should also be said (line 6)

 

C. Look at the Anna Wintour article again and underline all the examples of text reference. Use this checklist to help you.

• pronouns

• possessive adjectives or pronouns

• it, this, that, these and those

 

D. Say what all the words you underlined in Exercise C refer to.

 

Đáp án:

 

E. Read this paragraph and say what the former and the latter refer to.

Wintour's critics describe her management style as autocratic, whilst her supporters label it perfectionist. The former believe she is ruthlessly determined, whereas the latter would rather say she is focused on excellence.

 

Đáp án:

The former's: Wintour's critics

 

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Mạng xã hội HocHay - Giấy phép MXH số 61/GP-BTTTT ngày 19/02/2019