Video bài nghe Market Leader Advanced – Unit 5: Employment Trends – HocHay
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Market Leader Advanced – Unit 5: Employment Trends - Business Skills
A. Listen to a conversation between two work colleagues. What techniques does Carl use to show he's listening actively to Yolanda? How would you resolve the situation?
- Carl stops what he's doing and asks Yolanda to repeat what she's said: Could you say that again?
- He tries to show some understanding: Got too much to do? I know the feeling. But he has clearly missed the point.
- Then he paraphrases what's she's said- So, what you're saying is ... - but only to be funny, which annoys Yolanda.
- Later he does finally encourage her to continue, rather than interrupting or making fun of her or defending himself - I'm sorry, I'm sorry. You were saying ... and later
No, no, I'm listening. Please go on.
- Next he shows he understands her point of view –I appreciate how you feel ... - before explaining the situation from his point of view.
B. Which of these expressions are used to a) paraphrase and summarise, b) show understanding, and c) encourage someone to keep talking?
1. So, your point is that the office is too noisy. Is that it?
2. Tell me more about what you were just saying.
3. You sound as if you're disappointed.
4. I sense you're feeling anxious about the meeting.
5. So, what you're saying is you have too much work.
6. If I understand you correctly, you're saying the plan isn't viable.
7. I'm not sure I understand. Could you explain what you mean?
8. I'm listening. Please go on.
9. OK, from your point of view, we should scrap this idea. Correct?
10. It sounds like you're not convinced by that argument.
11. I appreciate how you feel.
12. So, you're telling me that this is the wrong document. Is that right?
13. I can see why you feel that way.
14. What exactly do you mean when you say it can't be done?
a. 1, 5, 6, 9, 12
b. 3, 4, 10, 11, 13
c. 2, 7, 8, 14
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Reading and Language Market Leader Advanced – Unit 5: Employment Trends – HocHay
A. Look at the photo in the article. What do you think giganomics might be? Read the first two paragraphs of the article to check your ideas.
B. Read the complete article and answer these questions.
1. In which fields or sectors would you tend to find portfolio workers?
2 What are the benefits and disadvantages of being a portfolio worker?
C. What do the words and expressions in italic mean? Correct the definitions, according to the context in the article.
1. 'These days many of us are juggling one-off projects ...' (lines 13-14) happening or done several times, not as part of a regular series
2. '... consultancies and bits and pieces.' (lines 29-30) various kinds of big things
3. '... paints a bleak picture of freelancers' lives ...' (lines 31-32) gives the impression that something is or will be good
4. 'It's hard to keep up to speed with the issues ...' (lines 75-76) continue to learn about a subject so that you know all the historical facts, etc.
5. 'A portfolio career isn't for the fainthearted ...' (lines 77-78) used humorously to say something is easy and doesn't need a lot of effort
6. '... it's a classic swings-and-roundabouts scenario.' (lines 89-91) when two choices have more gains than losses so that there's little difference
1. happening or done only once, not as part of a regular series
2. various kinds of small things
3. gives the impression that something is or will be bad
4. continue to learn about a subject so that you know all the most recent facts, etc.
5. used humorously to say something is difficult and needs a lot of effort
6. when two choices have the same amount of gains and losses so that there's little difference
D. Choose the correct meaning of these words as they are used in the article.
1. drop in (line 4)
a) mention something casually in conversation
b) visit someone without arranging a particular time
2. juggling (line 13)
a) changing things or arranging them in the way that you want
b) trying to fit two or more jobs or activities into your life, especially with difficulty
3. bid (line 16)
a) an attempt to achieve or obtain something
b) an offer to do work or provide services for a specific price
4. setting up (line 19)
a) starting your own business
b) preparing the equipment that will be needed for something
5. gig (line 23)
a) a job, especially one that does not last a long time (AmE)
b) a performance by some musicians or a comedian
6. coin (line 26)
a) make pieces of money from metal
b) invent a new word or expression
7. grafting (line 34)
a) working very hard (informal)
b) getting money by the dishonest use of influence (AmE)
8. commitment (line 80)
a) hard work and loyalty that you give to a company
b) something you have promised you will do, or have to do
E. How many examples of the -ing form or the infinitive (with or without to) can you find in the article? Which forms do we use in these cases?
1. after a preposition
2. after a modal verb
3. as a noun
4. after It+ is+ adjective
5. to express purpose
6. when we want to avoid repeating the subject+ a relative+ verb
7. with certain verbs, e.g. decide, expect, be able, afford, etc.
8. after certain expressions, e.g. in a bid, be+ adj.+ enough, be supposed ...
1. -ing form after a preposition
... talk about being a career coach ... (lines 2-3)
... by working for a range ofemployers, no one has complete power over you ... (lines 8-10)
... by setting up as portfolio workers ... (lines 19-20)
... I am terrible at selling myself... (lines 44-45)
... the insecurity of not knowing where I'll be in six months. (lines 46-47)
2. infinitive after a modal verb
... he might talk about being a career coach ... (lines 2-3)
Nick, 37, a graphic designer based in London, can attest to the stress ... (lines 39-40)
... you can't say no to anything ... (lines 94-95)
You should also be able to have a better work-life balance. (lines 95-97)
3. -ing form as a noun
And what don't you do for a living? (headline)
... there's a zero-tolerance attitude to being late or missing a commitment. (lines 78-80)
The creative industries such as advertising ... (lines 1()(}-101)
There's going to be much more multiple part-time working ... (lines 105-107)
4. to+ infinitive after It+ is+ adjective
It's hard to keep up to speed ... (line 75)
5. to+ infinitive to express purpose
No examples in article
6. -ing form when we want to avoid repeating a subject+ a relative+ a vereb
Tina Brown paints a bleak picture of freelancers' Jives
[...],(freelancers that/who are) grafting three times as hard for the same money ... (lines 31-36)
... with a background in central government, including (that includes) the Ministry ofDefence, ... (lines 53-55)
7. to+ infinitive with certain verbs
... needs to be excellent at time management. (lines 83-84)
... be able to have a better work-life balance. (lines 96-97)
... expect you to be on call ... (line 98)
8. to+ infinitive after certain expressions
... in a bid to survive. (line 16)
... I'm not laid-back enough to live without ... (lines 45-46)
... there was a price to pay ... (lines 49-50)
... the freedom to pick and choose ... (line 85)
... you're supposed to have control ... (line 92)
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